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GBE Products and Product Designers

GBE Products and Product Designers
About:


Life Cycle Stages of a product and the sustainability issues that arise at each stage

Asked by John Bullock who was writing a magazine article, for a list of issues at all stages of an product’s life cycle where environmental choices can be made.

The original enquiry was about an LED light but I have broadened out this version


1 Feedback loop from previous model:

  • Wish Lists (compiled during previous design/production)
  • Failure modes (Potential Maintenance Schedule item)
  • Failure frequency
  • Post Occupancy Evaluation (is it working in the building?)
  • Improvement opportunities:
  • New legislation, (EU Directives and national implementation Regulations)
  • Industry and Sector Initiatives (e.g. PAS Publicly Available Standards)
  • SubsPort Substitution Portal (Chemical Substitution Case Studies)
  • End Of Life Reuse Barriers (E.g. Bespoke v Modular sizes; Not demountable fasteners, not flat packable)
  • End Of Life Improvement Opportunities (e.g. Food Chill Cabinets Insulation Upgrades, reduced thickness, increased shelf space)
  • GBE Compare Group comparison (Benchmarking)
  • GBE Compare Conclusions (identifying Average Product in sector and how some are better or worse)
  • KPI Key Performance Indicators
  • EPI Environmental Performance Indicators
  • SPI Social Performance Indicators

2 Design briefing:

  • Solution to a Problem
  • Design life to match service life
  • Durability
  • Reliability
  • Ownership models
  • TCO Total cost of ownership
  • CAPEX + OPEX = TOTEX
  • Green labels
  • GBE HERACEY ™
    • Healthy
    • Environmental
    • Resourceful
    • Appropriate
    • Competency
    • Effectiveness
    • Yardstick
      • Benchmarking
  • Energy efficiency
  • Water efficiency
    • Water Footprint
  • Transport efficiency
  • C2C Cradle to Cradle
  • Zhaga compliance (LED Lights replaceable parts v throw whole away when failed)
  • Chemical Footprint
  • CHIP (Transport hazard labelling)
  • Low allergy
  • Low VOC
  • COSHH (Chemicals)
  • RoHS (Electrical and Electronic)
  • REACH (Chemicals)
  • SubsPort (Substitution Portal)
  • ODP Ozone Depletion Potential
  • GWP Global Warming Potential
  • CPD Construction Products Directive
    • Essential Requirements
  • LCA Life Cycle Assessment
  • Marginal Analysis
  • GBE Detox (Chemical Substitution)
  • EPD Environmental Product Declaration

3 Design development:

  • Design Standards
    • Performance Standards
    • Properties
    • Competency
    • Fit for purpose
  • Robustness
    • Strength and Stability
    • Durability
  • Materials
    • Materials Standards
    • Appropriate
    • Competent
    • Resourceful
  • C2C principles
  • LCA Life Cycle Analysis
    • Marginal analysis
    • GBE Detox
  • Substitution management
    • SubsPort Substitution Portal
  • Prototypes
  • Components
  • Modular design for rearrangement
  • Methods of assembly
    • Avoidance of Adhesives
    • Mechanical connectors
  • Design for better assembly
    • standardized fasteners
    • E.g. IAMECO Computers
  • Design for deconstruction/disassembly
  • Design for upgradability
  • Design for reparability
  • Design for reassembly
  • Adaptability
  • Services integration and management
    • Looms
    • Modularity
    • Connections
    • Accessibility

4 Manufacturer: 

  • CSR Corporate Social Responsibility
  • ISO 9000 (Quality Assurance)
    • FPC Factory production Control
  • ISO 14000 (Environmental)
    • EMAS
  • ISO 26000
    • CSR Corporate Social Responsibility
  • ISO 50000 etc.
    • Energy Management
    • ESOS Energy Saving Opportunity Scheme
  • Energy sources
    • Carbon Audits
  • Renewable energy
  • Water sources
  • Resources
  • Local sourcing
  • PPR Packaging Producer Responsibilities
  • CRC Carbon Reduction Commitment

4.1 Marketing:

  • Annual Reporting
    • Economic
    • Environmental
    • Social
  • CSR
    • Sustainability Policy
    • Sustainability Strategy
    • Sustainability Tactics
    • Sustainability Actions
  • Greenwash Checks
  • Advertising
  • Literature
    • Guarantees
    • User manuals
    • FM Maintenance Specification
  • Maintainability
    • Spares availability and awareness
    • Repair manuals available online
    • Repair service
  • Website
  • PDS Product Data Sheet
    • BIM PDS
    • COBie PDS
  • EPD

5 Manufacture: 

  • Resource efficiency/effectivness
  • Energy efficiency
  • Transport efficiency
  • C2C
  • Equipment
  • Low Carbon Energy sources
  • Energy Footprint
  • Carbon footprint
  • Emissions
  • Chemical Footprint
  • REACH
  • Process waste as fuel or feedstock or by-product
  • Catalysts
  • Recycled heat
  • Water sources
  • Waste
  • Waste Footprint
  • By-products
  • Co-products

6 Packaging:

  • C2C
  • protection
    • Weather
    • Vibration
    • Separation
  • Packing efficiency
  • Pallet stacking modularity
  • Pallet stacking stability
  • Resource efficiency/effectiveness
  • Packaging Producer Responsibilities
  • Simple singular material
  • simplification to make and unmake
  • Avoidance of bonding
  • Materials
  • Methods
  • reclaim/return/reuse > segregate/recycle
  • PRNs Packaging Return Notes
  • Green Dot (Packaging Certification)
  • Packaging Innovation

7 Transport:

  • Vehicles
    • Trucks
    • trains
    • ships
    • Planes
  • CHIP (Chemicals in Transport)
  • Shipping containers
  • pallet packing
    • pallet content stability
  • Timber
    • EUTR
  • alternative materials
    • Timber
    • Recycled Plastics
    • Bio-based
  • Pallets, Pallet Boxes and Crates
  • Fuel
    • Driving style
    • Driver fuel efficiency
    • Logistics and appropriate vehicle size
  • Packaging return on multiple deliveries

8 Logistics:

  • Demand Chain v Supply Chain
  • CHIP (Chemicals in transport)
  • JIT Just in Time (manufacturing) v JIC Just in Case (Construction)
  • KANBAN (JIT materials stock controls)
  • Pre-ordering for daily deliveries
  • Manual handling
  • Packaging reduction
  • Construction Consolidation Centres
    • supply > demand chain
    • pre-ordering
    • milk rounds
    • Pinpoint deliveries
    • Pallet, packaging defects & excess returns
    • pigeon holes for late deliveries

9 Installation:

  • Lean thinking
  • Demand chain rather than Supply chain
  • preorders for JIT
  • Manual handling
  • KANBAN working platforms
    • Construction or assembly
  • Materials supply logistics
    • JIT Just in Time
  • PRNs Packaging Return Notes

10 Facilities management:

  • MOBS Managing and Occupying Buildings Sustainably
  • cleaning and cleaning methods and materials
  • COBie Product Data Sheet
  • CDM
  • controls
  • failure and replacement warning systems
  • KANBAN ordering systems
  • replacements
  • collections
  • WEEE compliance
    • schemes
    • waste containers
    • methods
    • Collection points
  • residual waste

11 Refurbishment:

  • Pre-alteration audits
  • Ska EAM for fit-out and refit
  • Ska Good Practice Measures Life Cycle Impacts Specialist Furniture
  • Strip out
  • H&S associated with reclaim and collection
  • Provenance
  • Product Passport
  • BIM Product Data Sheet
  • materials exchange
  • resale
  • reuse

12: End of life

  • Deconstruction
  • Demount ability
  • Stack ability
  • Reclamation
  • Provenance
  • WTN Waste Transfer Notes
  • Duty of Care
  • Resale
  • Material Exchange Centres
  • NISP National Industry Symbiosis Programme
  • Reuse
  • Remanufacture
  • CRR Centre for Remanufacturer and Reuse
  • Return to owner
  • Donate to Charity
  • Treatment
  • WEEE (Electrical and Electronic)
  • Segregation
  • Recycling
  • Waste handling licences
  • Landfill Gate cots
  • Landfill tax

© GBE NGS ASWS BrianSpecMan aka Brian Murphy
1st August 2013 – 3rd December 2015
Includes NGS residual pages

GBE Products and Product Designers
Images: 


C2CLogo.png

c2c cradle Logo png

c2cN Logo png

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© GBE NGS ASWS BrianSpecMan aka Brian Murphy
8th August 2013 – 3rd December 2015

GBE Products and Product Designers
See Also:


GBE Jargon Buster 

  • C2C
  • C2CN
  • CAP’EM
  • CCC
  • CDM
  • CHIP
  • COMPASS
  • COSHH
  • CSR
  • EPD
  • EPI
  • EWC
  • EUTR
  • FSC
  • H&S
  • HERACEY™
  • JIC
  • JIT
  • JIT v JIC
  • KPI
  • LCA
  • MASS
  • MOBS
  • NISP
  • ODP
  • PASS
  • PRN
  • REACH
  • RoHS
  • SIN
  • SPI
  • SubsPort
  • TCO
  • VOC
  • WTN
  • Alternative materials
  • CAP’EM Detox
  • cleaning
  • collections
  • COMPany ASsesment Scheme (GreenSpecLight Compass)
  • Construction Product Assessment System (CAP’EM Compass)
  • Components
  • Construction Consolidation Centres (CCC)
  • controls
  • Control Of Susbstances Hazardous to Health (COSHH)
  • Cradle to Cradle (C2C)
  • Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in companies
  • Deconstruction
  • Demand chain
  • Demolition
  • Demolition Protocol
  • Design briefing
  • Design development
  • Design for Better Assembly
  • Design for Deconstruction
  • Design Life
  • Duty of care
  • Durability
  • Eco Labels
  • Energy efficiency
  • Environmental Performance Indicators (EPI)
  • Environmental Product Declararion (EPD)
  • Essential requirements
  • Facilities management
  • Failure modes
  • Feedback loop
  • Green Labels
  • GreenSpecLight COMPASS
  • H&S associated with reclaim and collection
  • Healthy
  • improvement opportunities
  • industry initiatives
  • Installation
  • ISO 14000
  • ISO 9000
  • ISO 26000
  • ISO 50000
  • Just in Case (JIC)
  • Just in Time (JIT)
  • KANBAN
  • KANBAN working platforms
  • Key Performance Indicators (KPI)
  • Landfill Gate costs
  • Landfill tax
  • Lean thinking
  • Life Cycle Analysis (LCA)
  • Logistics
  • Low Allergy
  • Low VOC
  • Materials
  • materials exchange
  • methods
  • Manual handling
  • Manufacture
  • Manufacturer
  • Marginal analysis
  • Materials
  • materials supply
  • Methods
  • methods of assembly
  • milk rounds
  • Managing & Occupying Building Sustainably (MOBS)
  • Material Assessment Sustainability Screening (MASS)
  • Natioanl industry Symbiosis Programme (NISP)
  • NGS COMPARE
  • Ownership models
  • Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP)
  • Packaging
  • Pallets
  • pallet packing
  • pallet content stability
  • Pre-alteration audits,
  • preordering
  • preorders
  • Product Accessory System Screening (PASS)
  • Product Passport
  • properties
  • protection
  • Provenance
  • reclaim/reuse/recycle/return
  • Refurbishments
  • Reliability
  • replacements
  • resale
  • residual waste
  • Resource efficiency/effectiveness
  • returns
  • reuse
  • Robustness
  • RoHS
  • schemes
  • ships
  • Shipping containers
  • simplification to make and unmake
  • Ska
  • Social Performance Indicators (SPI)
  • Soft Strip
  • stacking
  • Strip out
  • SubsPort (Substitution Portal)
  • Substitute It Now (SIN)
  • Supply chain
  • Timber
  • Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)
  • trains
  • Transport
  • Transport efficiency
  • Trucks
  • Water efficiency
  • WEEE compliance
  • Wish List
  • Zhaga compliance

GBE Projects


GBE Collaborative Services


CAPEM Collaborative Services

  • CAPEM Compass
  • CAPEM LCA
  • CAPEM EPD
  • CAPEM Individual impacts
  • CAPEM DeTox
  • CAPEM Product Data Sheet

GBE CPD

Themes:

  • Waste
  • Packaging

© GBE NGS ASWS BrianSpecMan aka Brian Murphy
1st August 2013 – 3rd December 2015

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