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Reclaim Product Material Passports (CPD)

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Reclaim Product Material Passports (CPD)

GBE CPD Metadata

  • File Name: GBE CPD ZWS SEDA Product Passports.PDF
  • File Type: PDF from PowerPoint PPTX
  • File Size: 1mb PDF, 0.595 mb PPTX
  • Number of Slides: 57
  • Created for: ZWS SEDA Circular Economy Event Edinburgh
  • Presented to: ZWS SEDA Circular Economy Event Edinburgh
  • Author: BrianSpecMan aka Brian Murphy BSc Dip Arch (Hons+Dist)
  • © GBE NGS ASWS 2019
  • Created: 23-24/10/2019
  • Revisions: 1 & 3
  • Updated: 28-29/10/2019
  • Previously published on Scribd: N/A
  • Scribd reads: N/A
  • CI/SfB: (A3u Specification closest match)
  • CAWS 1987: A11 (closest match)
  • CAWS 2012: NN:NN:NN
  • Uniclass 1 1997: LNNNN
  • Uniclass 2 2012:
  • Uniclass 3 2015:
  • Tags: Product Passport, Materials Passport,
  • ProductSets: Circular Materials, Circular Building Products,
  • UserGroups: Students, Architects, Assistants, Technicians, Interior Designers, Structural Engineers, Constructors, Surveyors, Suppliers, Manufacturers

GBE CPD Content

(without images; See the slide show for the pictures if any, or the centre column of this page)

Reclaim Product Material Passports

  • ZWS & SEDA Circular Economy Event
  • 24th October 2019
  • BrianSpecMan Murphy

This Presentation on GBE:

  • Event on GBE website at:
  • Circular Economy ZWS SEDA (Event) G#27448
  • CPD on GBE website at: (This Page)
  • Reclaim Product Material Passports (CPD) G#30129

GBE Legend

  • — = Linear
  • O = Circular

Current Doctrine

  • ‘Profits Before People Before Planet’
  • Fiduciary Rules Okay
    • Obligation to make a Profit for Shareholders
    • At the expense of everything else?
  • ISO 26000 invented to curb excesses
    • CSR Corporate Social Responsibility
      • Often Greenwash Plaster
    • Ethical Trading
  • Created as a guide
    • Became a Benchmark

Sustainable Definitions

  • People:
  • Sustainable = inconsistent inadequate definitions
  • GBE:
  • Sustainable = Environmental eroded by profits

GBE Alternative Definition for Sustainability

  • Healthy Environmental Resourceful Appropriate Competent Effective or Ethical Yardstick
  • = HERACEY™
  • More later…
  • GBE HERACEY™ (Jargon Buster) G#1429 N#1399

Constructions Demolition Excavation CDE Waste Stats:

  • Pre 2004 110 m tonnes/annum waste in UK
    • (400m tonnes/annum consumed)
    • 25% = ¼ wasted
  • SWMP checklist and SWMP Regs. 2004
    • at best 78m tonnes/annum waste
  • After red tape deregulation of SWMP Regs.
    • Today: 120m tonnes/annum waste
    • (420m tonnes/annum consumed)
  • £150m/annum over-ordered, never needed

EU Initiatives

  • Directives
  • Innovation driver
    • Product Passports
      • (over a decade ago?)
  • Circular Economy Drive
    • ‘Still in its infancy’
      • October 2019
  • White goods reparability Directive
    • October 2019

Complimentary Directives or initiatives

    • Blatant breaches: UK H&S and REACH have no teeth
  • LCA: Life Cycle Assessments
    • Manipulated by stakeholders (Manufacturer Associations)
    • To make violet materials look grey or even green
  • PEF: Product Environmental Footprinting
    • Being manipulated by stakeholders to act like LCA
  • OEF: Organisation Environmental Footprinting
  • LCC: Life Cycle Costing
    • In the hands of expensive consultants
    • Or in expensive software
    • We need to make our own calculators
      • They are not easy
      • Have you seen the equations?

EU Funded projects

  • Horizon 2020
    • BAMB Buildings as Materials Banks (recent) includes database of products
  • Interreg
    • MF&H Makers, Fixers and Hackers (recent past)
    • FCRBE Facilitating Circulation of Reclaimed Building Elements (current)
    • SB&WRC Sustainable Bio and Waste Resource for Construction (just finished)

Global awareness has finally risen

  • 1, 2, 3 or 4 decades late (never too late)
  • Trashed Film (to invited professionals and MPs 2013)
    • If you have an audience get the CD to show
  • David Attenborough Blue Planet
    • Ocean Plastics, straws in particular 2019
  • Greta Thunberg (started 2018 – Embraced Globally 2019)
    • Unite behind the Science
    • Behavioural Change campaign
      • Government, Business & Individuals
  • SchoolStrike4Climate
    • Asked the Adults to join them
      • Declare Architects
      • Declare Construction
      • Declare Education
    • Architects CAN Carbon Action Network
    • Architects Can’t, don’t have the know-how
      • TGR facilitating CPD by PHT TRA BBA AECB ASBP CL CLR etc.
      • to fill the knowledge gap

RIBA Plan of Work

  • Circular diagram
    • Circular information-only flow
  • 0-7 = — Linear Building
  • 8 = Repurposing and reuse of existing
  • 9 = Deconstruct, reclaim, MP, reuse, reassemble
  • 0-9 = Ο Circular Building
  • Specification Development RIBA Plan Of Work 2013 (CPD) G#1339 N#1326
  • 2019 an update is due that might address circular economy

RIBA Education Committee

  • Out of touch with Climate Emergency
    • Universities not leading the way
    • Few unite behind the science
    • Very few being taught science
  • Aspiration: Architectural Association
    • Philosophical BS
    • Fantasy Graphics
  • Never engage with reality
    • let alone solve the problems

Post-Declare Initiatives

Product Passports? Materials Passports?

  • Wrong name?
    • ‘Products’ in first life
    • With a Specification or Certificate and Delivery Ticket
  • Materials Passport?
    • ‘Materials’ or ‘Resources’ in second life
    • With a Material Passport and a Delivery Ticket
    • Avoiding a Waste Transfer Note
  • Unless EPR applies

Extended Producer Responsibilities (EPR)

  • Loan or leasing of products or materials
    • Never owned, just borrowed for a while
    • Electric Vehicle (EV) batteries
    • More and more cars and therefore EVs
    • Eventually building parts too
      • Or houses built like caravans: Craig White
  • Remanufactured by original manufacturer or a dedicated specialist
  • Returned for recycling

Purpose of Materials Passports (MPs)

  • Help improve EU wide Resource Efficiency
  • To help reduce excessive waste in Construction Sector
  • Divert materials from Landfill
  • To facilitate reuse of materials in Construction
  • Provide a level of confidence that products are fit for purpose in 2nd use
  • Of merchantable quality: may/not be relaxed
    • Frost damaged roof tiles more valuable that pristine
  • Provide guidance on their properties and application
  • Provide a great deal of information about original materials
    • Probably more than the OEM or OPM ever did
      • Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)
      • Original Product Manufacturer (OPM)

Goals & Benefits of MPs

  • About:
    • Circular materials, components and building products (CM,C&BP)
    • which might also be healthy, environmental (HE)
  • Keep or increase residual value of CM,C&BP over time
  • Create incentives for manufacturers, processors, suppliers to offer HE CM,C&BP
  • Enable circular product design, materials recovery (MR) and chain of possession (CoP) partnerships (CoPP)
  • Support materials choices in reversible building design projects
  • Reduce eco-footprints
  • Make it easier for developers, facility manager, and renovators to choose HE CM,C&BP
  • Facilitate reversed logistics of reclaim CM,C&BP
  • Assessment of future materials flows
  • Management of supply and demand
  • Assessment and forecast of potential secondary raw materials
  • Systematic recovery and utilisation strategies can be identified and further developed
  • Strategic positioning of plants (e.g. recycling, materials traders, material exchanges, etc.)
  • Strategic supply chain management
  • Link and make relevant data available for assessment on various hierarchy levels
  • Reduce the cost by managing resources rather than managing waste
  • Develop a sustainable life cycle management of CM,C&BP and buildings
  • Eliminate waste and reduce the use of virgin resources
  • Improve the quality, value and security of materials supply
  • Provide a tool to move from linear system to a circular system
  • (BAMB, MH & WL, ‘19)(GBE BRM ‘19)

Other benefits of MP on Circular Economy

  • Helps convert from Linear Economy
    • Via a Segregating for Recycling Economy
    • To a Reclaiming for Circular Economy
  • Where we value stuff (e.g. natural materials)
    • Where we waste nothing
    • Were nothing ends up in landfill
  • Everything is upgraded, repaired, refurbished,
    • to extend its first life and subsequent lives
  • Everything is remanufactured and returned to use
    • or repurposed for other uses

Material Passport contains:

  • Physical Properties
  • Chemical Properties
  • Biological properties
  • Material Health
  • Unique Products & System Permutation Identification
  • Design and production
  • Transportation and Logistics
  • Construction: Identify materials and Product locations in buildings and in elements
  • Use and Operate Phase maintenance information
  • Disassembly and Reversibility
  • Reuse and Recycling

GBE Product Data Collection

  • 1250 data points
    • say 600 collected for any manufacturer and product
  • 35 Document outputs
    • E.g. Specification, Method statement,
    • Including Reclaim Product Material Passport

BIM PDT Templates v Flexibility v external data

  • Templates developed by BSRIA CPA and Sector Stakeholders
  • Stakeholders include Manufacturer Associations that want ‘dumb PDT’
  • LCD Lowest Common Denominator
    • For level playing field
    • Least information necessary
  • BIM PDT Product Data Templates
    • Do not make a Robust Specification
    • Might just make an NBS Specification
    • Prone to Substitution
    • Not fit for purpose
    • Cells need to link to external data: e.g. Specification or LCA
  • Manufacturers want to promote
    • Unique Selling Point (USP)
    • Or multi-functional properties
    • Multi-application materials
    • These help to make Robust Specifications and defend against substitution


  • Comes from antiques world
    • Where from, who made it, when, whom owned it,
    • Applies to Architectural Salvage
  • Audit trails back to source
    • Theft Alerts Helps avoid Theft or retrieve stolen goods
  • Materials Stewardship for reclaim
    • Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) for sustainable new timber
    • Chain of Custody (CoC) for sustainable new timber
    • EU timber regulation (EUTR), for legal new timber
  • Chain of custody (Chain of Possession in BAMB)
    • Linear: from source to supplier/processor/site
    • Circular: from first life to next use
  • Can mean a clean bill of health or warn of limitations
    • Avoiding Carbonated concrete or Alkali Aggregate Reaction “Concrete cancer” joining and contaminating Recycled Concrete Aggregate and spoiling recipe

Blockchain technology

  • (minus the BitCoins)
  • Any individual or multiple transaction up/down the demand/supply chain
  • Robust data that is not possible to alter
  • Visible to all parties at any time
  • All data in place permanently
  • Can be added to as supply chain extends
  • Audit trails without long searches first

Digital Object Identifiers (DOI)

  • Ex Pharmaceuticals Sector
  • Big Data, Open Data,
  • Better Information Management (BIM)
  • Product Data Templates (PDTs)
    • Product Data Sheets (PDS)
    • Individual cells cannot hold many data sets so each cell can become search engines or hyperlink to other sources
    • Or DOI link to correct information sources
  • Act a bit like SEO 301 Redirects
  • DOI Tracking and linking to on-line data:
    • That might move within a website to a new URL
    • But should remain current
  • Audit trails to numerous end addresses
    • as stuff subdivides into variations of the original
    • as stuff divides and disperses to different end uses

Industry Sector Response to Material Passports

  • Manufacturer Association (UK) Federations (EU)
  • Looking after Business as Usual
    • Rejected Reclaim Product Materials Passports
    • In case they erode profits from sales of new goods
  • Its already happened with the remanufactured carpet sector
  • Just like the oil and plastic sector threatening
    • The plastics recyclers
    • Ocean plastics collectors

Design Profession Response to Material Passports

  • Silence?
  • Didn’t event know it was being discussed?
  • Architectural education wrong focus:
    • Philosophical BS
    • Fantasy Architecture
  • College Knowledge
    • Out of date
    • Learning Curve followed by Forgetting Curve
    • Few opportunities to apply knowledge, so forget

Material Passport: SWOT

  • Strengths:
    • More data to allow Appropriate and Competent Reuse
  • Weaknesses:
    • Reused aesthetic still a turn off for some
    • Reuse structural competency in doubt
    • Data stored in MPs needs to be kept up to date
    • Dead data in Excel files not maintained:
      • blocked the development from 3D CAD to BIM
  • Opportunities:
    • Enable others to engage
    • 900 timber visual inspectors in sector
    • Some Structural Engineers will visual inspect steels
      • Steel looses shape in fire before loosing strength
  • Threats:
    • Manufacturers do not want to reduce sales of new

Material Passports: Features & Benefits

  • Features                                           Benefits
  • Product/Material Properties       Reapplication Confidence
  • Application properties                 Competent Reapplication
  • Manufacturer’s Reputation enhanced  Satisfied Users

Circular Ο Building

Appropriate Design Response to MP and Circular Economy

  • Rationalisation
  • Simplification
  • Robustness
  • Modularisation


  • Layering
    • Material, Component, Product, System, Building
    • Site, Structure, Skin, Services, Space plan, Stuff
  • Rationalising component life expectancy
    • for consistency in whole building
    • to layers of the building
  • CLM Component Life Manuals
    • HAPM, SPON, (no longer)
    • BSI KM, BBA C, ETA, longer life
    • BBA Certificates states Life expectancy


  • Of details and fixings
    • to permit ease of assembly and disassembly
  • Fix ability and un-fix ability
    • Nuts and bolts in preference to rivets,
    • Clamps in preference to welding
    • Screws (undoable) v nails (easier)
    • Clamping battens
  • Removable
    • Nuts and bolts (easy)
    • Screws (electric screwdriver)
    • Nails (labour intensive)
  • No permanent or no undoable joining
    • No glues, adhesives, welding, rivets
    • Weak mortar (lime based) hold apart/together
    • low tack adhesive patch (carpet tiles)
    • Papier Mache (recycled paper and water)
  • Exploit:
    • Gravity
      • Insulation into joist space
    • Ballast
      • Loading down roofing membrane
    • Friction/Tight fit
      • Capping battens
      • Cover battens
      • Soft grippy parts (rubber seals)
    • Mechanical key
    • Interlocking
      • Timber post and beam with dowels
      • Lego
      • Steko load-bearing timber blockwork
    • Compression and expansion
      • Insulation into rafter space
  • Locational:
    • Encapsulation within panel void
    • Insulation into stud space between linings
    • Injected or blown insulation
  • Interlocking
    • Mortice and tenon
    • Yurt Rafter connection to apex ring
  • Minimise cutting and drilling of parts
    • Minimise weakening of parts
  • Tension Integrity
    • Post and fabric membrane or wires
  • Anchoring:
    • Foundations
    • Duck bill anchors
  • Tied:
    • Yurt rafter fixed to top of wall


  • Toughness of materials at connections
    • Natural History museum temporary exhibition space
    • Barrel vault canopy
    • Transparent Plastic pyramids
    • Connected at base
    • Connected by timber post and aluminium connectors at apexes
    • Robust blokes manhandling pieces meant stress fractures in plastics at fixing points


  • Understanding the size of stuff
    • Working with it, not against it
  • Modular with minimal offcuts
    • In first life and subsequent lives
  • No off-cut waste in first life
    • No redundant non-modular pieces in subsequent life
    • No more off-cut waste in subsequent lives
  • Exponent:
    • Walter Segal, Self build Architect: Framed & infill, practice no waste
    • Water Segal Method
      • Walter Segal Approach
    • WSSBT Walter Segal Self Build Trust
    • Geoff Stow of BIY Build it Yourself
    • Architype
    • Robin Hiller Forever green projects Ltd.
  • LEGO
    • Load-bearing walls or framed and infill

HERACEY™ expanded for MPs

  • MPs can contain enough information to address any of all of the following:
    • Healthy
    • Environmental
    • Resourceful
    • Appropriate
    • Competent
    • Effective or Ethical
    • Yardstick


  • Natural Materials and ingredients
  • Begs question: why not screening in place of LCA (more later)
  • Low to No Chemistry
  • Low to No Off-gassing
  • Healthy for all along whole supply chain


  • Screening of Chemicals
  • LCA Life Cycle Assessment
  • Low to No Petrochemical
  • Low to No Embodied Carbon
    • More Sequestered carbon
  • Low to No Embodied Energy
  • Low to No Embodied Water
  • Low to No Process emissions
  • Low to No Land, Water and Atmosphere pollution
  • Less erosion by excavation or from extraction


  • More resource efficient design
    • Awareness and approach
    • Changing bad habits, taught or acquired
    • Less centre lining and cutting perimeters
    • Less Geometry for its own sake
    • Less clashing geometries for fun
  • More layering less interfaces
    • Structures and Services Clashes
    • Services and Building Clashes
    • Building and Structure Clashes
  • More understanding of size
    • More Design to suit
    • Less off-cutting waste
    • Bigger components generates more waste
    • Smallest components can make no waste
  • More reuse avoids more new
  • Less waste to landfill

Not resourceful

  • Consequence of ignoring modules
  • Non-modular: Off-cut waste (if using material module)
  • Wasted material: Off cuts
  • Redundant Parts: Redundant preparation work
  • Higher cost: if waste taken into account


  • Material properties for:
    • Manufacturing process
    • Application
    • Durability
  • Desire to own and care about stuff
    • Happy making (e.g. natural materials)
  • Component + Accessories = Assembly or System
  • Performance
    • Fit for Purpose

Not Appropriate:

  • WRAP Waste Resource Action Programme
  • Increase recycled content %
  • Catalogued Substitutions
  • Ignored important properties
  • Unintended consequences


  • As manufacturer intended
  • Correct application
    • in building
    • in elements
    • for exposure conditions
    • for durability
  • Tried, tested and certified
    • Used within tested limits
    • BBA may break rules but sets new ones


  • Much more than efficient
    • Usually diminishing returns on big improvements
  • Step changes in performance
  • Modular sizing
    • Modular fixing
    • No off cut waste
  • Improve the performance of another adjacent component
    • E.g. Membranes or boards around insulation
  • Value Engineering stuff into projects not out
    • Holistic view, multi-functional material replaces many
    • Not cost-cutting individual components
    • Not substitution (unless REACH SubsPort)
    • Not joining the race to the bottom
    • Not Kamikaze tendering
  • Removal of fasteners from timber
    • Big powerful magnets can extract them
    • Saves damaging saws and drills
  • Removal of preservatives
    • Use Vac-Vac in reverse to remove most of preservative from softwood
  • Application orientation on record
    • Reapply materials in same orientation to avoid risk of frost damage


  • United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) for all
    • not profits at any expense
    • HERACEY for all along the demand and supply chain


  • Benchmarking
    • Setting agenda: brief targets
    • Setting new standards for way forward
    • Setting new trading Models
  • Not pay-back periods
    • But carbon-back periods

Complimentary Ο activities

  • Salvo
  • SWMP
  • Material Exchange
  • Others


  • Architectural Salvage
  • Reuse not recycling
  • Sector Gateway
  • Buying and Selling
  • Salvage Protocol
  • Pre-Alteration Pre-demolition Audits
  • Theft Alerts

Site Waste Management Plan

  • Checklists
  • Workshops
  • Tools
    • Envirowise (Packaging calculator)
    • BRE (SmartWaste tools)
    • WRAP (Waste and ResEff tools
  • Calculators
    • GBE Waste Cost® Lite
    • Envirowise Packaging Calculator

Material Exchanges

  • Virtual and real
    • Earth Exchange (gone)
    • Aggregain (gone)
    • CIRIA (recycled)
    • BREMAP (gone)
    • Salvo (Architectural Salvage)
    • BioRegional Reclaim
    • %%%

Ο Others

  • ICE Demolition Protocol
    • (invented in Scotland) In 2 parts
  • Waste Aware Scotland
    • Segregation colour codes
  • Zero Waste Scotland
    • Wordy design Guides
    • Architects can’t read
    • RIBA Library Policy: Picture books not reading books
  • WRAP
    • Publications and tools
    • No longer interested in Construction
    • Legacy persists but not so visible
  • National Industry Symbiosis Programme (NISP)
    • Haves and Wants
    • Joined up Businesses
  • BRE Smart Waste Data logging
  • HAZRed Hazardous Waste Reduction (information)
    • (Now Scottish Website)

How + where used in Ο Building

  • Structural Frame
    • Bolted/clamped connections
  • Loadbearing Walling
    • brick/block and lime mortar
  • Panel construction
    • Framed and Insulated
    • Solid
  • External Claddings
    • Wall, roof, soffits
  • Internal linings
    • Floor, wall, ceiling

Ο Products + Ο Accessories = Ο Systems

  • Elements or Sub-elements
    • Products or Materials
      • Plus Accessories
      • Equals Systems
        • System Permutations
    • Combination greater than the sum of the parts
  • Essential
    • XRef between parts to obtain whole

Accessories include:

  • Fixings
  • Spacers/levelling shims
  • Fastenings
  • Isolation (electrolytic/bimetallic)
  • Tapes (Air tightness, etc.)
  • Sealants (avoid gunned, use strips)
  • Adhesives (avoid where possible)
  • Ballast
  • Etc.

Products + Finishes

  • Potentially complicates reuse
  • Scratched finished need repair
  • Sacrificial coatings help use or reuse
  • Corrosion protection helps disassembly by bolts or other fasteners
    • (not shearing heads off screws)
  • Corrosion protection helps prevent discolouration of fastener or material

Ingredients + Recipe = Materials

  • Resources
    • Materials
  • Mixes
    • Recipes
    • Conglomerates
  • Materials
    • Components
      • Elements

Materials + Bonding = Composites

  • Materials
    • Ingredients
  • Layers
    • Matrix
  • Binder
    • Bonding
      • Composites
  • Systems
  • Build-ups

Bonding materials in layers = Build ups

  • •       Leveling
  • •       Smoothing
  • •       Decorating
  • •       Protection

How used in O building

    • Bolted or clamped steel frames
    • Lime Mortar jointed (not cement)
    • Layered components in elements
      • Overlap tiling
      • Overlap boarding
    • Framed and open jointed Rain-screen cladding
    • Visible fixings not hidden (weatherboarding)
    • Avoiding interlocking e.g. T&G joints
    • Interlocking Mortise and tenon Joints, removable dowels
    • Buried or surface mounted metal connectors
      • Special angles for fasteners into end grain
    • Nailed or cleated/screwed light timber frame panels
    • Riveted or crimped light steel frame
    • Zed Factory spacing brackets for consistent spacing for modular

© GBE NGS ASWS Brian Murphy aka BrianSpecMan *
26th October 2019 – 1st November 2019

Reclaim Product Material Passports (CPD)

Event Organisers

ZWS Zero Waste Scotland

ZWS zero waste scotland logo

SEDA Scottish Ecological Design Association

SEDA Scottish Ecological Design Association and LogoSEDA Logo large PNG


GBE CPD Cover Image

Presented on day:

GBE CPD Product Passports ZWS SEDA 261019 S1 PNG

Updated Since:

GBE CPD Reclaim Product Materia Passport ZWS SEDA 291019 S1 PNG

GBE CPD handout cover image

As presented on day:

GBE CPD Product Passports ZWS SEDA 261019 9H1 PNG

Updated Since:

GBE CPD Reclaim Product Material Passport ZWS SEDA 291019 9H1

GBE CPD Files to View on line

Presented on the day:

GBE CPD Product Passports ZWS SEDA 261019 9H6 PDF Handout to print

GBE CPD ProductPassports ZWS SEDA 261019 S55 PDF Show to view

Updated Since:

GBE CPD Reclaim Product Material Passport ZWS SEDA 291019 9H7 PDF Handout to print

GBE CPD Reclaim Product Material Passport ZWS SEDA 291019 S62 PDF Show to view

© GBE NGS ASWS Brian Murphy aka BrianSpecMan *
26th October 2019 – 29th October 2019

Reclaim Product Material Passports (CPD)
See Also:

GBE Links

  • SEDA
  • WAS
  • ZWS
  • Scottish Ecological Design Association (SEDA)
  • Waste Aware Scotland (WAS)
  • Zero Waste Scotland (ZWS)

GBE Jargon Buster

  • HERACEY (Jargon Buster) G#1429 N#1399

GBE Events


CPD Topics N#478


CPD Manufacturer’s

GBE Manufacturer

GBE System

© GBE NGS ASWS Brian Murphy aka BrianSpecMan *
26th October 2019 – 30th October 2019

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