A95 Infra-Red Thermographic Surveys (Checklist) G#1721 N#1623

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A95 Infra-Red Thermographic Surveys (Checklist)

A95 Infra-Red Thermographic Surveys (Checklist)
Checklist:


Problems:

  • Sun warms buildings during the day, this will be absorbed by heavy weight materials like brick and stone, may take time to disperse, may result in raised temperatures in the scanned images if the scans are taken too soon after sunset.
  • Shadows can be cast on the building and may result in differential temperatures in the scanned images if the scans are taken too soon after sunset
  • Extending post-mounted cameras can get images of roofs but access for placing the post may be limited
  • Heating buildings in summer to carry out IRT surveys will be unwelcome
  • Daytime IRT surveys will provide misleading information: e.g. it will show the temperature of the solar warmed roof not the heat loss from inside

Misunderstandings:

  • Rooms or adjoining properties heated to different temperature may result in differential temperatures in the scanned images and may be interpreted as different levels of insulation
  • Not all anomalies are necessarily a thermal bridge, they may also be different emissivity material at the surface or a bit of both, or a heat emitting radiator hot spot
  • Not all cameras are the same: some see through glass and others do not, they see the reflected sky instead

Case studies:

  • NHBC publication on Overheating: survey by BRE has misinterpreted hot roof in daytime as heat emerging from inside.
  • A research project looking at commercial building improvement under ESOS took day time IRT survey to assess heat loss from the business during the day.
    • The pitched roofs showed two temperatures: hotter on the slope facing the sun and colder on the slope away from the sun
    • The hot slop and the cold slope and an average temperature of the two slopes would all be misleading
    • The cold slope may indicate the heat loss but a roof heated on one slope will warm the attic or top floor or upper levels and may give a misreading measure on the cold slope

Solutions:

  • IRT surveys tend to be seasonal to exploit heating season
  • Its important to analyse the images in detail after taking them
  • Wait sufficient time after sunset before commencing survey
  • Record internal room temperatures to enable a thorough analysis of the images
  • Take photograph images (colour may be helpful) before sunset to enable analysis of differential emissivity materials on the external face of the building
  • Surveys can be carried out either:
    • internally looking out: searching for cold spots or
      • the 2015 heatwave across mainland europe saw high external temperatures seen as hop spots from inside (see centre column)
    • externally looking in: searching for hot spots
  • Drone remote-controlled multi-rotor helicopter carrying IRT cameras with a steadying gyroscope can access all parts
    • But a Voluntary Code of Practice for use of drones suggests getting no closer than 50 m from buildings

Consider:

  • Using GBE GBS A95 INFRA-RED THERMOGRAPHY SURVEY Specification
  • Use a specialist IR Thermography surveyor to carry out survey and use their help to analyse the results
  • Extending post-mounted cameras can get images of roofs
  • Consider using remote controlled drone carrying IRT camera to survey roofs that post mounted cannot reach

Avoid:

  • Doing surveys immediately after sunset if the building is subject to westerly sun heating its surfaces or objects casting shadow on its surfaces

Minimise:

Substitute:

  • Take care to use the right cameras for the task in hand
  • Not all cameras are the same: some see through glass and others do not, they see the reflected sky instead

Health:

  • Built2Spec project analysed the resolution of IRT attachments and Apps for Mobile Smart phones and recommended minimum distances to get competent results
  • They also pointed out that some distances would bring you too close to electrical switch gear and equipment with risk of electrocution

Wellbeing:

Biodiversity:

  • Hot spots at roof eaves and ridges on southern to eastern side of buildings, may be bats in maternity roosts, take care not to disturb bat roots, its illegal and risks a £50,000 fine per bat.
  • Bat hibernation roosts will be cooler whilst bats are in tauper and usually occur on northern side of building.

Safety:

  • Consider using remote controlled drone carrying IRT camera to survey roofs to avoid putting surveyors at risk
  • Use drones with rotor blade covers to minimise risk to humans and animals
  • Built2Spec project analysed the resolution of IRT attachments and Apps for Mobile Smart phones and recommended minimum distances to get competent results
  • They also pointed out that some distances would bring you too close to electrical switch gear and equipment with risk of electrocution

Precautionary principle:

Appropriateness:

Competence:

  • Built2Spec project analysed the resolution of IRT attachments and Apps for Mobile Smart phones and recommended minimum distances to get competent results
  • They also pointed out that some distances would bring you too close to electrical switch gear and equipment with risk of electrocution

Effectiveness:

Yardstick:

Maintenance issue:

  • IRT surveys can identify weaknesses that can be put right as part of a preventative maintenance regime
  • IRT surveys of machinery, motors, etc. can identify overheating, differential overheating, wear, etc. enabling preventative maintenance
  • IRT surveys can spot hot water leakage and heat loss concentrations in underfloor heating

Industry/Sector Initiatives:

  • IRT surveys by Leeds Met Uni discovered cavity party walls at attic level were overheating which suggests excess heat loss from dwellings through one unregulated and inadequately insulated leaf and chimney effect or hot air rising in the cavity
  • This led to the change in the Building Regulation Approved Document L to require party walls to be insulated, and more party wall cavities being filled to stop air movement or thermal flanking.
  • IRT surveys can spot convection ‘radiators’ with cold areas caused by air in heating systems floating to tops of ‘radiators’ requiring the radiators to be ‘bled’ or ‘bleeding of air’ from a high level valve.

Information sources:

  • See this page right column

© GBE NGS ASWS BrianSpecMan aka Brian Murphy
13th December 2014 – 24th April 2016

A95 Infra-Red Thermographic Surveys
Images:


GreeceHeatwaveDoor040815

Refurbishment Surveys Tests Analysis Page 1 png CPD Cover

NGS CPD: Rerurbishment Survey Test & Analysis

Surveys Tests Analysis CPD Cover png

NGS CPD: Surveys, Tests, Analysis, Audits, Evaluations

A90PrinciplesOfElementDesign_Page_2.png

NGS CPD: Air Movement in Building
Page 2: Topics in Series of 24 Seminars
Includes Wind and Airtightness and testing


If you wish to reproduce images, feel free, but please acknowledge the source.


© GBE NGS ASWS BrianSpecMan aka Brian Murphy
13th December 2014 – 24th April 2016

A95 Infra-Red Thermographic Surveys (Checklist)
See Also: 


GBE Checklist

New Build


GBE JARGON BUSTER

Theme

Initials Abbreviations & Acronyms
  • IRT
Words & Phrases
  • Chimney effect
  • Compartment wall
  • Infra-red thermographic (IRT) surveys
  • Seperating wall
  • Thermal bypass
  • Thermal flanking
  • Party wall

GBE CPD

Seminar Topic Group


GBE LINKS

  • Organisation/Website

GBE MANUFACTURERS


GBE PRODUCTS


GBE MATERIALS


GBE SYSTEMS


GBE ELEMENTAL ASSEMBLIES


GBE CALCULATOR


GBE CAD

  • 2D and 3D SketchUp Product files
  • SketchUp files of Construction Sections

GBS Green Building Specification

GBS Robust Specification


GBE LIBRARY


GBE PROJECTS


© GBE NGS ASWS BrianSpecMan aka Brian Murphy
13th December 2014 – 17th December 2016
URL Links tested: 7th November 2015

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